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Mary "Polly" (Clarkson) Welch application for Widow's Pension

WAR OF 1812
To be executed before a Judge or Clerk of Court
State of Tennessee, County of Hancock --ss
On this sixth day of July A.D. eight hundred and seventy one, personally appeared before me Wm. Y. Campbell, Clerk of the Circuit Court, a Court of Record in and for the County and State aforesaid Mary Welch aged 68 years, a resident of County of Hancock State of Tennessee who, being duly sworn according to law, declares that she is the widow of Tandy Welch who served the full period of sixty days in the (1) Military service of the United States in the war of 1812; and who was the identical person who (2) volunteered in Captain John Brock company, 4th regiment, at Mulberry Gap, Tenn. on the 13th day of November 1814 and was honorably discharged at Tazewell on the 18th day of May 1815 that (3) he was a private in said company his discharge was sent to Washington D.C. filed in the Pention office, that she was married under the name of Mary Clarkson to said Tandy Welch on the 22th day of June, A.D. 1820, by Arch Bales Esq. at Rob Camp there being no legal barrier to such maarriage; that her said husband died on Powels River on the 27th day of November 1864 and that she has not married since his death; that at no time during the late rebellion against the authority of the United States did she or her said husband adhere to the cause of the enemies of the Government giving them aid or comfort, or exercised the functions of any office whatever under any authority or pretended authority in hostility to the United States; that she will support the Constitution of the United States; that she is not in receipt of a pension under any previous act, that she makes this declaragion for the purpose of being placed on the pension rolls of the United States under the provision of the act approved February 14 1871, and hereby constitutes and appoints with full power of substitution and revocation W.P. Gillenwater of Rogersville, Tenn., her true and lawful Attorney to prosecute her claim and obtain the pension certificate that may be issued; that her post office is at Mulbery Gap County of Hancock State of Tennessee; that her domicile or place of abode is near said post office.

Mary her X mark Welch Applicant

T.C. Gillenwater
Robert Welch
Note - If applicant makes his mark, let two persons who write their names attest his signature. The officer administering the oath cannot be one of the attesting parties.

Notes - 1

"Military" or "naval"


"Was drafted," "enlisted," or "was enrolled"


Here give place; capacity and manner of service and any historical events in the war in which he participated or with which he was connected. And state if discharge is lost, on file in Pension Office, or herewith filed.

Mary "Polly" (Clarkson) Welch rejected claim for Widow's Pension

WAR OF 1812
In the case of Mary Welch widow of Tandy Welch, a _______ of Captain Brocks Company, Colonel Tenn. Mil. Reg't, Residence Mulbery Gap, Hancock Co., Tenn.
POST OFFICE ADDRESS: Mulbery Gap, Hancock Co., Tenn.
Soldier enlisted-_______, 18__, Discharged __________, 18__.
Served afterward from ________, 18__ to ___________, 18__.
in Captain ________ Company, Colonel _______ Reg't,
Declaration and identification in due form, filed July 24, 1871.
Rejected by reason of marriage subsequent to February 17, 1815 Date alleged, June 22, 1820.
Rejected February 13, 1872 Claimant as above.

T.H. Minick, Ex'r.

Approved, C.N. Cornell

Mary "Polly" (Clarkson) Welch second application for Widow's pension

WAR OF 1812.
Under the provisions of Sections 4736 to 4740, inclusive, Revised Statutes, and the Act of March 11, 1878.
N.B.-All the blank spaces in this form must be carefully filled up in accordance with the instructions on the back hereof; and from the best information possessed, or obtainable, by the applicant.
State of Tennessee County of Hancock, ss.
On this twenty first day of March, A.D. one thousand eight hundred and Seventy eight, personally appeared before me, W.Y. Campbell Clerk of Circuit, the same being a court of record within and for the County and State aforesaid, (1) Mary Welch, aged 74 years, a resident of Hancock County, in the State of Tennessee, who, being duly sworn according to law, declares that she is a widow of (2) Tandy Welch deceased, who was the identical (3) Tandy Welch, who served under the name of (4) Private Soldier as a (5) Private in the Company commanded by Captain John Brock in the 4th regiment of East Tenn., commanded by I think Col Hill, in the war of (6) 1812; that her said husband (7) Volunteered near Mulbery (sic) Gap, Claiborne County Tenn. on or about the 13th day of November A.D. 1814 for the term of 6 months, and continued in actual service in said war for the term of (8) 6 months & 6 days and whose service terminated, by reason of (9) Honorbley (sic) Discharged at I think Knoxville on the 18th day of May A.D. 1815. She further states that the following is a full desciption of her said husband at the time of his enlistment, vis: (10) about 20 years, occupation Farmer, Born in Virignia, hight (sic) 6 feet or the rise, hair light, Blue eyes, fair skin. She further states that she was married to the said Tandy Welch East of Tazewell Tenn. in the county of Claiborne, and in the State of Tennessee, on the 22nd day of June A.D. 1820 by one (11) Archibel Bails, who was a (12) Justice of the Peace; and that her name before her said marriage was Mary Clackston; and she further states that (13) neither Husband or Claimant had been previously married and that her said husband (14) Tandy Welch, died at home, in the State of Tennessee, on the 27th day of November A.D. 1846; and she further declares that the following have been the places of residence of herself and her said husband since the date of his discharge from the Army, vis: (15) on Powels River Hancock County Tennessee. She makes this declaration for the purpose of obtaining the Pension to which she may be entitled under Sections 4736 to 4740, inclusive, Revised Statutes, and the Act of March 11, 1878, and hereby appoints J.S. Kellog of Washington D.C. her true and lawful attorney, to prosecute her claim. And she further declares that she has heretofore made one application for (16) Pention I think in the latter part of 1871 and that her residence is No. Powels River Hancock Co., Tenn, and that her post office address is Mulbery Gap, Hancock County East Tennessee.

[Two attesting witnesses who can write their names.]

Tilman D. Ball

Mary her X mark Welch

Benedict M. Yeary

Signature of Claimant.

Also personally appeared Tilmon D. Ball, aged 56 years, residing in Lee Co. Virginia and Benedict M. Yeary, aged 67 years, residing in Lee Co. Virginia.

Mary "Polly" (Clarkson) Welch responses regarding application for Widow's Pension

Navy, Old War, and Bounty Land Division
Service Pension, War of 1812, or Bounty Land Claim.
Department of the Interior
Washington, D.C., April 22, 1878
J.S. Kellogg
In the claim of Mary Welch for a pension under act of Mar. 9, 1878, No. 5811 proof of her marriage to the soldier is required. You are informed that proof upon this point is of value in the following order:
1 A certified copy of a church or other public record.
2 An affidavit of the officiating clergyman or magistrate.
3 A copy of family record, sworn to by custodian, certified by the magistrate to be correct, and that the original appears to be genuine. When this class of evidence is furnished it must be shown by whom and when the record was made, and the date of the Bible, or other book, in which the record is made, must be given.
4 The testimony of two or more eyewitnesses of the ceremony.
5 Affidavits of children whose ages would show the date of marriage or commencement of cohabitation.
6 The testimony of two or more witnesses who know the parties to have lived together as husband and wife from the date of their alleged marriage the witnesses stating the period during which they knew them thus to cohabit.
Witnesses under the 4th, 5th, and 6th classes of testimony must state the circumstances or cotemporaneous events by which they are enabled to fix the date of the marriage.
Before any of the lower classes of evidence can be accepted, it must be shown by competent testimony that none higher can be obtained.
In all affidavits relative to marriage, the affiants should state their ages at the time they testify.
If the claim is for service pension under the act of February 14, 1871, marriage must be proved at a date prior to February 17, 1815.
If the claim is for service pension under either the act of February 14, 1871, or March 9, 1878, continuous widowhood since the death of the soldier for whose service the claim is made must be proved.
If the claim is for Bounty Land, widowhood at the time of making the application must be proved. Also proof that she has not re-married since the death of her said husband, the person for whose service she claims a pension.
Return this Circular with the evidence.
Very respectfully,
J.A. Bentley, Commissioner


Department of the Interior
Washington, D.C.
June 15, 1878

In the matter of the service pension claim of Mary Welch, widow of Tandy, No.
5811, evidence of the date of death of said Tandy Welch must be furnished.

Very respectfully,
J.A. Bentley, Commissioner pensions
Josiah Kellogg, Esq., Washington, D.C.

Mary "Polly" (Clarkson) Welch affidavit in application for Widow's Pension

State of Tennessee, County of Hancock, ss
In the matter of Claim for Pension No. 5811 War of 1812 of Mary Welch, widow of Tandy Welch.
Personally came before me, a J.B. Southern, Justice of the Peace in and for aforesaid County and State, Sterling G. Coleman citizen of the Town of __________, County of Hancock, State of Tennessee, well known to me to be reputable and entitled to credit, and who being duly sworn, declare in relation to aforesaid case as follows:
That Tandy Welch died on the 27th day of November 1864. I was there and waited on the said Tandy Welch in his last sickness and was there on the evening before his death and also was back next day when he lay a corps and help bury him.
I further declare that I have no interest in said case, and am not concerned in its prosecution, and am not related to said applicant.

Attest - when any affiant signs by mark (2 persons)
Joel C. Gillenwaters
Signature of Affiants
S.G. Coleman

Mary "Polly" (Clarkson) Welch Widow's Pension approval

War of 1812
Claim No. 5811
Act of March 9, 1878
Cert. No. 7876
Rejected Case
Reopened from
Act of Feby. 14, 1871
Mary Welch, widow of Tandy Welch, Rank: Private, Captain John Brock Regiment: Militia, State: Tennessee, Post Office: Mulberry Gap, County of Hancock, State of Tennessee, Attorney: J.S. Kellogg, P.O. Washington, Washington County, D.C., Fee: $10.00, Contract. Application filed July 24, 1871, New application filed March 28, 1878. Alleged service: Served six months and six days in Capt. John Brocks Co. of Tenn. Mil. commanded by Col. Hill, enlisted Nov. 13, 1814, discharged May 18, 1815.
Record evidence of service: 3 Auditors reports Septr. 1/51 Tandy Welch served from 13 Novr. 1814 to 18 May 1815.
Parol evidence of service: Original certificate of discharge on file in bounty land case signed by John Brock, Capt. says he served from Nov. 13, 1814 to May 18, 1815.
Length of service: 187 days 98 days prior and 89 subsequent to treaty of peace.
Proof of identity: Affidavits of James Davis, John P. Davis, Tilman D. Ball, and Benedict M. Yeary - Residence and general corroborative statements.
Proof of loyalty: Admitted June 10, 1878, to a pension of EIGHT DOLLARS per month from March 9, 1878 the date of the passage of the Act, pension previously applied for.

Thomas Zulix, Pension Searcher

Warrant for Bounty Land claim 37.967 - 8055 issued

O. Niell, Bounty Land Searcher

Jno. T. Clements, Examiner

Approved July 20, 1878
H.P. Leach, Reviewer


No. 7476 Act 1878
WAR OF 1812
Mary Welch
widow of Tandy Welch
Rank Private
Company Capt. J. Brock
Regiment Tenn. Militia
Knoxville Agency.
Rate per month - Eight dollars.
Commencing March 9, 1878
Certificate dated 31 July 1878
and sent to Pension Agent 7 Aug. 1878
Vol. ________, Page ________
Van. Keuren, Clerk

Mary "Polly" (Clarkson) Welch miscellaneous document

Mulberry Gap P.O.
Hancock County - Tenn.
July 12th 1887
Hon. John C. Black Commissioner of Pensions -

Dear Sir
In case of Mrs. Mary Welch - widow of Tandy Welch a pensioner of the War of 1812 said Mary Welch - the pensioner No. 7476 is deceased. She deceased on the 22 day of June 1887 there is 19 days proration due her up to her death and some burial expences etc. She was unable to get about for several years being much aged. I have attended to her claim for several years for her as a Justice of the Peace. She desired me to wind up her matter's which I will try to do. I am not any relative to the dec'd pensioner only am a Neighbor have done a gradeel of business for her.

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